What are deepfakes? You may already know some of them – Boston 25 News
BOSTON – You might have heard of deepfakes, but you might be surprised how many you’ve seen.
Much of the technology stems from the effects used in movies and television. Among the most notable are its uses in Forrest Gump – to insert Tom Hanks into the story – and in new Star Wars films like Rogue One – to show a young Princess Leia after Carrie Fisher’s death.
Created by artificial intelligence or machine learning, deepfakes combine or replace content to create images that can be almost impossible to say are not authentic.
Over the past year, moviegoers have seen Robert De Niro and Joe Pesci lose decades in “The Irishman” and Will Smith and Samuel L. Jackson return to their appearances in the 1990s. It was made possible by news digital aging techniques that have allowed De Niro, Smith, and other actors to play adult lifetimes onscreen and perform without the need to carry bulky gear. Digital effects experts say 2019 was a pivotal year for advances in aging cinema, and the efforts could pay off on Monday when the nominees for the Visual Effects Oscar are announced.
Facebook said earlier this month it was banning “deepfake” videos, the fake but realistic clips created with artificial intelligence and sophisticated tools, as they intensify efforts to combat online manipulation. But the policy leaves a lot of loopholes.
The social network said Monday evening that it was tightening its policies to remove edited or synthesized videos in a way that is not apparent to the average person, and that could fool someone into believing that the subject of the video said something it didn’t say. .
Twitter, which has been another hotbed of misinformation and altered videos, said it was in the process of create a policy for “synthetic and manipulated media”, which would include deepfakes and other doctored videos. The company has asked for the public’s opinion on the matter. Responses he is considering include putting a notice next to tweets that include manipulated material. Tweets can also be deleted if they are misleading and could cause serious harm to someone.
YouTube, meanwhile, has a policy against “deceptive practices” which the company says includes “deceptive uses of manipulated media” which can present a serious risk of harm. For example, the company deleted the Pelosi video last year. Google, which owns YouTube, is also looking to better detect deepfakes and other manipulated media.
Even with the steps major platforms are taking to reduce their prevalence, they can still end up in your News Feed.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.
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